By Thomas K. Pendergast
At the southern end of Fifth Avenue in the Inner Sunset District, next to the University of
California, San Francisco (UCSF), sits an 86-unit housing complex on six acres of land
built in 1950 called Kirkham Heights.
A plan to tear down those 86 rent-controlled units by demolishing 11 buildings, and
replacing them with up to 445 new apartments in 14 three-story buildings, is now being
reviewed by the SF Planning Department.
Meanwhile tenants and neighbors opposing the project have produced an alternative
plan, which has also been submitted to the department.
Complicating the issue is the location, which is nestled up against hills on three sides that
are designated by the California Geological Survey as “earthquake- induced landslide
zones,” meaning areas with a high probability of slope failure which could produce
landslides during an earthquake.
“The purpose of these zones is to trigger site investigation when development projects
are proposed. The idea being we capture the hazard and mitigate it before things are
built so the construction is more resilient and we don’t spend a lot of time and money
rebuilding things in the same bad spot after an earthquake. The whole idea is
preparation,” said Tim McCrink, a supervising engineering geologist with the California
Geological Survey. “Our analyses indicate there’s a high chance that the slope will fail in
a big earthquake.”
Adding to this concern is the planned excavation of approximately 230,000 square feet
(69,000 cubic yards) of soil, according to Planning Department documents.
McCrink said an engineer trained in geology will usually prepare a report based on bore
holes and laboratory testing of the materials to determine how much potential there is
for landslides during an earthquake, and then propose stabilization methods
to prevent them. “Before they issue a permit for that development there has to be a
geotechnical investigation to assess the hazard, and if they find a hazard, to propose
mitigations for it,” McCrink said.
Denis Mosgofian is a member of the Mount Sutro Kirkham Heights Neighbors (MSKHN)
organization, which is opposed to the scale of the project, so much so that they have
come up with an alternative project.
“The project, as designed requires that they excavate and gouge out a big chunk of the
mountainside, a very unusual thing. They are going to reshape that entire
mountainside,” said Mosgofian. “They want to gouge out the equivalent of a 52-foot high,
football field worth of rock and soil out of that slope … It’s a hazard zone, and in order
just to get the maximum number of units and maximum return, or maximum profit,
they are willing to jeopardize the entire area, including future tenants and everybody
else in this immediate area.”
Luis Cuadra, a spokesperson for Berg-Davis Public Affairs, which is handling public
relations for the developers, Westlake Development Partners, said the project sponsors
would not build a project if they did not think it could be made safe.
“Westlake would not build a project if there was a high risk that a landslide could
damage their property or injure their tenants,” Cuadra said. “We have undertaken
several studies of the site’s geology. If built, the project would include a variety of
measures and structures that would dramatically improve site stability, compared to the
existing conditions, and the new buildings would be built to current seismic standards.”
He also disagreed with the term “reshape” to describe what the developers would be
doing to the hillside.
“The project would not reshape the entire hillside. Two acres of forest land on the site’s
eastern edge would be preserved in its existing condition. The proposed project would
not change the hillside ridge-line. The proposed plan does, however, reconfigure the
topography of the site’s existing built area, which was originally excavated
and graded to create Kirkham Heights Apartments. The purpose of the site
reconfiguration is to provide terraced development pads and relatively flat open
space and wheelchair-accessible circulation areas – all of which
are difficult to enjoy due to the site’s steep topography.”
But members of the MSKHN have more concerns than just seismic sliding; they also note
the potential loss of rent-controlled units. Apartments built before 1979 fall under San
Francisco rent control laws, while those built after do not. Mosgofian said 34 of the
apartments scheduled for demolition are being intentionally left empty so the developers
will be under no obligation to make equivalent replacement units that are
“They won’t fill them,” Mosgofian said. “They won’t even let existing tenants in a
one-bedroom move into a two-bedroom and pay the extra rent.”
Another MSKHN member, Maria Wabl, wants protections for tenants currently living at
Kirkham Heights. “You can be assured that these units also will not stay rent
controlled,” Wabl said. “If we can preserve any rent control, then it would be for the
tenants that are still there at the time they are starting the project. And that is only if we
get a development agreement in place with the City, where the city attorney or
whoever signs and makes sure that we protect these.”
The rent protections could affect about 30 current tenants. Cuadra confirmed that
apartments are being left empty, although he did not respond to a question about the
“It is true that Westlake Realty has not been renting units as they become vacant due to
the uncertainty of the redevelopment plans and timeline,” Cuadra said.
“Westlake’s planning for the property is evolving, which requires flexibility during this
moment in time. Westlake’s desire is to minimize disruptions to tenants that result from
moves caused by construction, which is one of the reasons the units remain vacant.”
Roger Hofmann, a tenant in one of the rent-controlled apartments, is concerned about
what might happen if construction takes longer than three years.
“They took it up to three years and were silent on what happens if the construction takes
longer than three years. It may. It’s a difficult site,” Hofmann said. “There are a lot of
things that can go wrong and that’s not even considering difficulties with financing.
“So, what does happen after three years? If you take what’s in that document literally,
and that’s from the Planning Department, it appears that our support would get cut off
after three years if the project’s not done,” Hofmann said.
But Cuadra said the tenants would be protected. “Westlake will be legally bound, by
means of an agreement with the City, to offer the existing tenants the right to move into
the new units at the end of construction, regardless of the length of construction,”
Cuadra said. “Westlake has also committed to providing relocation benefits to existing
tenants during the term of construction.”
As for the alternative plan offered by MSKHN, a spokesperson for the Planning
Department has confirmed that the department has received the proposal
and are taking it into consideration. The plan would keep 32 existing units and build
another 154 apartments, for a total of 186. It also includes a children’s playground.
The MSKHN has found an ally in the Housing Rights Committee of San Francisco
(HRC), which has asked the Planning Department to take a serious look at the
“The HRC has been in close conversation with Kirkham Heights residents and neighbors
about their concerns,” said Joseph Smooke and Joy Lee of the HRC in a letter to the
Planning Department. “They have taken the proactive step to create a community
alternative design. (The HRC) respectfully requests that Planning include an
analysis of the community’s alternative design as one of the project alternatives studied
in the EIR, and take seriously a consideration of adopting the community
alternative when it is found to result in a lesser environmental
impact than the developer’s ‘preferred project.’”